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Reliable Civil Litigation Services in Surrey

If you are involved in disputes relating to contract disputes, congested estates, damages, debt collection, etc., get in touch with us. MacMillan Tucker & Mackay offers a wide range of civil litigation services to the clients in Surrey and surrounding areas. Our litigators advise and discuss the outcome of your claim before going ahead with an action plan.


To know more about civil litigation services, please go through the articles below.

IT’S THE LAW – By Cassandra Douma

What would you do if you were the judge? Judges decide the facts based on evidence put before them, and then apply the law. Here is a fact pattern similar to those often presented in court and assessed by judges. Test your judgment!

That’s Not What I Bought

Betty Buyer needed a new car. She approached Shady Sean, a local car dealer, to see if he had any vehicles in stock which would suit her. Betty, who was not very knowledgeable about cars, was looking for a reliable vehicle that she could use to commute to work in Vancouver. She also wanted something with good fuel economy, given recent trends in gas prices. Sean told her he had exactly what she was looking for and showed Betty the new Acme Adventure he had in stock. Sean assured Betty that as the car was new and Acme was a great manufacturer she would have no issues.

Betty purchased the vehicle, signing a Purchase Agreement which contained no assurances about the quality of the car and had a clause stating that there were no “representations or warranties, express or implied, statutory or otherwise” that weren’t in the Agreement.

Over the next six months, Betty had many issues with her new Acme Adventure. She had to refuel daily and take it to the dealership for repairs twelve times. When she had to take the car in for a thirteenth repair, she had had enough. She contacted Sean to demand that he take the car back and give her a refund. When he refused, Betty decided to sue for what she paid for the vehicle. Sean responded saying the Agreement contained no representations or warranties she could rely upon and that Betty had the car for six months so couldn’t return it.

If You Were the Judge, How Would You Decide?

Under BC’s Sale of Goods Act, there are statutorily implied conditions of both quality and fitness when a product is sold to a consumer. The Judge found that Sean’s business was selling vehicles and that Betty informed him of what she needed in a new car. Given Betty’s confessed lack of knowledge of vehicles generally, she had relied on what Sean told her about the car. Because Betty had informed Sean of what she would be using the car for, and he sold her a car that was not reasonably fit for that purpose, there was a breach of an implied condition.

The Judge went on to consider what amounted to normal use of a car and the circumstances surrounding the sale. He found that given the number of repairs necessary in the first six months, the implied condition of durability had been breached. Sean argued that Betty had the vehicle for too long to complain, but the Judge found that she was only giving the car a reasonable chance to perform. Sean was ordered to accept Betty’s return of the car and reimburse her the price she had paid.

Cassandra Douma is an articled student in Cloverdale with the firm MacMillan Tucker at 5690 – 176A Street, Cloverdale (Surrey), B.C. At MacMillan Tucker, lawyers are available to answer questions about wills and estates, ICBC claims, personal injury, professional negligence, family matters and other issues. If you require legal assistance, please call (604) 574-7431 to book an appointment.

IT’S THE LAW – By Corey J. Bow

What would you do if you were the Judge? Judges decide the facts based on evidence put before them, and then apply the law. Here is a fact pattern. How would you decide who was at fault? Fact patterns similar to this one are often presented in court and assessed by Judges. Test your judgment!


You may have heard the news that the social media website, Twitter, has banned former President Trump from its platform. Twitter has also started making comments on posts, censoring posts, and banning other users. In the United States, there is very broad latitude for speech under the First Amendment of the Constitution. Even hateful and untrue general statements, like denial of the Holocaust, are protected. Many interesting issues arise with the spread of technology and information. Is Twitter allowed to silence the President of the United States for making statements about the results of the election? Is Twitter a private company and can do what it wants? Should the government regulate these giant social media companies?

One thing that is not protected under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution or under Canadian Law is defamation. If one person publishes untrue defamatory remarks about another and it causes harm, then they can be sued.

In the United States, Twitter has protection from being sued for defamation if one of its users publishes defamatory comments. Twitter and the other tech giants were given this protection because they argued that they were merely platforms of communication, somewhat like the phone company. The Vancouver Sun or the New York Times can be sued for defamation if they publish defamatory remarks.

In Canada, so far, we do not have a similar protection for social media. This brings us to our case: Mr. Guistra, a successful Vancouver businessman, sued Twitter for defamation in the BC courts. A group of people had made allegedly defamatory remarks against Mr. Guistra on Twitter and Mr. Guistra wished to hold Twitter responsible for those remarks.


Twitter argued that BC was the incorrect jurisdiction and wanted to move the case to California so that they could continue to have the protection of the American Law. Mr. Guistra argued that the broadcasting of the defamation occurred in BC, he had connection to BC, and many Twitter users saw the offending remarks in BC. The question was: Where is the best place to hear the case?


What would you do if you were the Judge?


Ultimately the Court found that BC had jurisdiction to hear the case and it could go forward in BC. The Court did not decide if there was defamation or any of the other issue of the case. It may be an open question as to what Law is used in the BC case, but it will be interesting to follow this case to see if a tech giant can be held responsible for what it publishes.

Corey J. Bow is a lawyer who practices in Cloverdale with the firm MacMillan Tucker at 5690 – 176A Street, Cloverdale (Surrey), B.C. At MacMillan Tucker, lawyers are available to answer questions about wills and estates, ICBC claims, personal injury, professional negligence, family matters and other issues. If you require legal assistance, please call 604-574-7431 to book an appointment.

MacMillan Tucker

5690 176A Street

Surrey, BC V3S 4H1

Tel: 604-574-7431

TF: 800-658-7974

Fax: 604-574-3021



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